An Analysis of Using Cultural Capacity of Iran in Artistic Diplomacy

Document Type: Research Article


MA in archaeology, University of Tehran Markaz,Iran


If artistic diplomacy is considered as using the cultural and artistic capacities and properties of a nation to directly affect thoughts and beliefs of other nations, then Iran had been a land full of such political, cultural and religious capabilities. To prove this, I have investigated and analyzed three cases of cultural and artistic capacities of Iran: The Cyrus Cylinder, Zoroastrian rituals, and Islam. The question in this research is to what extent the use of such capacities in artistic diplomacy of Iran had been to keep and confirm national interests. The hypothesis behind this research is that the use of such concepts, discussed completely in the body of this research, is best interpreted as a perfect sample of being philanthropic and respecting human rights of all nations. Consequently, I concluded that all nations should accept the fact that Iran, in its entire history, has been a nation with cultural and artistic roots and has always paid attention to the rights of people from other nations. This is actually in sharp contrast to public opinion about Iranians, being introduced as a misanthropic, militant and belligerent nation. However, Iranian policy has improved its national security. This research uses a descriptive, analytic, and historical method and all had been armchair studies.


1-      Ehtesham, M. (2535). Persia during Achaemenid dynasty. Tehran: Pocket Book Publishers.

2-      Ashraf Ahmadi, A. (1364 []). Law and regularity during Ancient Persia. Tehran: Ministry of Culture and Art.

3-      Ashna, H. (1383). Culture, communication and foreign policy: patterning general diplomacy. Journal of Imam Sadegh Researches, 21, 227-263.

4-      Bagheri, A. (1386). Cities within the Islamic culture. Tehran: Amir Kabir Publishers.

5-      Bayani, Sh. (1381). The history of ancient Persia. Tehran: SAMT.

6-      Pour Ahmadi, H. (1389). The soft power and Islamic republic of Iran’s Foreign policy. Qom: Bustane Ketab.

7-      Javid, M. & F. Jamali (1388). The interaction between justice and government in ancient Persia based on researches concerning Achaemenids’ rights. Journal of Rights 4, 111-131.

8-      JAffari Tabar, H. (1384). King’s insistence, Clergys’ insistence. Journal of Rights, 70, 43-74.

9-      Jaffari Tabriz, M. (1380). The three principles of the human rights in Islam. In M. Baste Negar (ed.) Human rights in Islam. Tehran: Sahami Publishers.

10-  Javadi Arjmand, M. & Esmaeili, M. (1391). The position of general diplomacy in relations between Iran and other Persian language countries. Journal of Politics 3, pp. 97-113.

11-  Hosseini Dehshiri, A. & E. Eslami (1391). The rituals of Zarathustra and its teachings (based on the texts of Gats). Journal of the Basics of Education 2(1), pp. 127-146.

12-  Khosravi, S. M. & A. Jabari Sani (1390). The capacities of the Islamic Republic of Iran in general diplomacy. Journal of Political Studies 3 (11), pp. 83-116.

13-  Dadandish, P. & A. Ahadi (1390). The position of general diplomacy in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Journal of Foreign Relations 3(1), pp. 143-173.

14-  Derakhshe, J. & M. Ghaffari (1390). The general diplomacy of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the Islamic world, opportunities, priorities and achievements. Journal of Cultural and Relational Studies 16, pp. 9-45.

15-  Ravandi, M. (1383). Social history of Iran, vol 1. Tehran: Agah Publishers.

16-  Rajabi, P. (1380). Ahura Mazda and Zarathustra. The Letter of Association 2, pp. 100-125.

17-  Rezaei, A. (1375). Ten thousand years history of Iran, vol 1. Tehran: Eghbal Publishers.

18-  Zarshenas, Z. (1330). Ancient Persian language and literature. Tehran: Office of Cultural Researches.

19-  Saeedi Rezvani, A. (1372). Islamic views and geographical phenomena. Mashhad: Astan Qods Razavi.

20-  Soltani Far, M. (1389). New general diplomacy and electronic general relations. Tehran: Simaye Shargh.

21-  Tusi, B. (1383-1384). Kant and Zarathustra. Journal of Soroush Andisheh 12 & 13, pp. 91-106.

22-  Ferray, R. N. (1377). Ancient Cultural Heritage of Iran. Translated by M. Rajab Nia. Tehran: Elmi va Farhangi Publishers.

23-  Kreng, M. (1383). Cultural geography, Translated by Mehdi Gharokhlu. Tehran: SAMT.

24-  Keshavarz Shekari, A., M. Bayat & Kh. Bakhshandeh (1392). Cultural diplomacy in middle east: the development of communication and the need for using new tools. Journal of Cultural Studies and Communication 23, pp. 7-29.

25-  Pour Davood (1354). Gataha. Tehran: University of Tehran Publishers.

26-  Sasan Far, A. (1383). Gataha. Tehran: Nobakht.

27-  Golshan Pazhuh, M. (1387). Islamic Republic of Iran and soft power. Viewing the software power of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Tehran: Research Office of the International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

28-  Gilboua, I. (1388). World relations and foreign policy. Translated by H. Ashna & M. Esmaeili. Tehran: University of Imam Sadegh Publishers.

29-  Locock, P. (1381). Inscriptions of Achaemenid. Translated by N. Khalkhali. Tehran: Frzan Ruz Publishers.

30-  Motevali, S. A. (1388). Genral diplomacy and the foreign policy of England in Islamic Republic of Iran, Ph.D. Dissertation. Tehran: University of Tehran.

31-  Mostafa Pour, M. (1387). Islam will capture Europe. Retrieved from

32-  Mehr, F. (1380). A new view of an old religion. Tehran: Jami.

33-  Nad, J. (1968). The complete history of religions. Translated by A, Hekmat. Tehran: Elmi va Farhangi.  

34-  Nozari, E. (1380). The social history of Iran from early days up to constitutional revolution. Tehran: Khojasteh.

35-  Herodotus (1343). The history of Herodotus. Translated by G. Rawlin Sen and into Persian by Vahid Mazandarani. Tehran: Tarjome va Ketab Publishers.

36-  Helen Brand, R. (1377). The Islamic architechture. Translated by I. Etesam. Pardazesh and Planning Publishers.

37-  Hints, V. (1932). Zarathustra: A study of Gataha. Translated by H. Razi. Tehran: Sokhan.

38-  Yazdi, A. (1383). A brief look at concepts such as equality, justice from the point of view of ehics and Islamic judicial rules. In Human rights and the concept of equality and justice. Tehran: Faculty of Judiciary and political sciences, University of Tehran.

39-  Baderin, M. A, Establishing Areas of Common Ground between Islamic Law and International Human Rights, The International Journal of Human Rights, Volume 5, Issue 2, 2001.pp 72-113.

40-  Skjærvo. P. O. (2006). Introduction to Zoroastrianism, Early Iranian civilaizations102 (Divinity School no, 3663a).

41-  Wolf,Charles and Rosen,Brian.2004, Public Diplomacy:How to Think about and Improve It,The RAND, / pubs/Occasional-papers/2004/RAND/ Op134. pdf(accessed) August 15.2007.

42-  www. wikipedia. Org