ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN JUVAYNI FAMILY AND SAADI SHIRAZI IN ILKHANATE ERA

Document Type: Research Article

Author

Faculty Member of History Group in Payame Noor University Esfahan,Iran

Abstract

Iranian history has observed various invasions to this country during different eras. One of the most destructive invasions was Mongolian conquest of Iran. although many of Iranian human, economic, and cultural resources were destroyed rapidly during that invasion, but Iranian culture and civilization yet again raised from the Mongolian destructive ashes, like a phoenix, restoring the glory and magnificence of the country. The return and restoration of the Iranian cultural and civilization credits were merely provided through the efforts of knowledgeable Iranian families and experts. One of such families was the famous Juvayni family that performed their duties and fulfilled their prophecy greatly along with each other and together with knowledgeable elites, such as Saadi Shirazi, in that sensitive period in Iranian history.
This study that is organized in descriptive and analytical techniques is looking for the answer to the main question, regarding “what effects did the relationship of Juvayni family and Saadi Shirazi had in Ilkhanate era?” Brief investigations about the resources in that era indicate that by understanding the importance of conditions, and through considering the principle of solidarity and empathy as the most important effective factor in restoring Iranian culture and civilization, and with the aim to train and reformation of new rulers, Iranian sympathetic elites including Juvayni family and Saadi Shirazi practically went into appropriate actions. With their poems and presenting executive approaches including the book “Sahibieh”, and emphasis on the importance of the role of Juvayni family in the events in that era, the knowledgeable elites, such as Saadi Shirazi, improved the position and services of that family. On the other hand, by doing civil services, providing security and peace, establishing interactions with the experts such as Saadi Shirazi and applying their appropriate approaches, and finally respecting them before and in presence of the Ilkhanate dynasty, the Juvayni family also caused further restoration of Iranian culture and civilization and prominent flourishing of Farsi literature during Ilkhanate era.
      
 

Keywords


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