Document Type: Research Article
Art, adyan mazaheb,Iran
faculty member of Mazandaran University,Iran
The Ascension (Mi’raj) of the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is one of the important subjects considered by Iranian poets and authors during the different Islamic periods. Two prominent works in two art periods of Iranian art history were Ahmed Musa Mirajnameh illustrate din Tabriz in the Ilkhanid era and Mir Heidar Mirajnameh that was illustrated in the first period of Herat school in the Timurid era. In this study, the main pictorial elements of ascension (Mi’raj) were described and analyzed. Then, seven images left from Ahmed Musa Mirajnameh, based on its main elements, were compared to seven images of Mir Heidar Mirajnameh. The research hypotheses included the combination of Chinese and Iranian arts and the influence of each Mirajnameh from the art of its period. The present study aimed at investigating the main elements of ascension (Mi’raj) including the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) image, Gabriel, Buraq, angels, and the skies as well as studying and comparing them based on the main elements in the two above-mentioned Mirajnamehs. The research method was descriptive, analytical-comparative and the data collection method was library. Two main results were achieved through this study. One of the results was that the main elements, similarities, and differences between the compared images in Ahmed Musa Mirajnameh were different from Mir Heidar Mirajnameh and the other results was that the text used in Ahmed Musa Mirajnameh was different from the illustrated text in Mir Heidar Mirajnameh. Since the used text in Mir Heidar Mirajnameh is not clear, this result cannot be useful in other studies.