The Study of the Traditional Arts and Handicrafts of the Ghaznavid Era Through the Historical Books

Document Type: Research Article

Author

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Humanities , Hormozgan University, Bandar Abass, Iran

Abstract

Time and historical events have had devastating impacts on the erasure and oblivion of the ‘art works’ in different periods. Notwithstanding, recognition and revaluation of these art works necessitate the study of the historical written accounts. Historical books provide a complete picture of the customs in royal courts, governments, political and social affairs, gift giving ceremonies , the life of people from all walks of life and etc. though which different aspects of culture, traditional arts, and handicrafts can be explored. So the research aims in this research is studying the traditional arts and handicrafts of the Ghaznavid Era through the historical books remained from this period. The primary sources for this essay consist of Tarikhe Yamini authored by Mohammad Bin Atabi Including historical events from the late Samanids until the time of Sultan Mahmud, the momentary description of Mahmoud's battles in India, various social and religious issues of the 4th and 5th centuries AH. Zein-Al-Akhbar, authored by Abdolhay Gardizi:  General history of Iran from the past to Mawdud of Ghazni time. Complete History of Ghaznavids: mentioning the exact time and date, as well as with rituals and traditions of the Royal court and different classes of people and contains information on the Samanid, Safarian, Taherian and Seljuk governments and History of Bayhaq, authored by Abolhassan Bayhaqi, well-known as Ibn Fandagh, containing comprehensive information on cities of Khorasan and reputed figures of Ghaznavid and Ghorian eras. Tarikhe Bayhaqi is the most completed between sourses because of describing details in Ghaznavid Eda. The main purpose in this essay is introducing of handicrafts in this era not the place of made them.  The methods used in this essay are library research, the descriptive and historical analysis.
 
 

Keywords


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