The semiotic Study of hunting-group motifs in Safavid Carpets with an Emphasis on Value Systems

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Carpet, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 MA in Islamic Ar, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract

Carpet is one of the unique cultural and artistic contexts of Iran. One of the important Persian carpet motifs is hunting group motifs including hunting ground and Gereft-o Gir motif. Social and religious themes within the framework of values systems in the visual discourse of the carpets ornamented by the images of haunting ground carpets dating back to Safavid era is one of the most important foundations of the formation of these motifs.
this study mainly aims to answer the questions that: how it is possible to establish a link between value systems of Safavid society and hunting group motifs? To what group these related value systems do belong, and how hunting motifs can be involved in the semantic evolution of hunting ground motifs?
Therefore, within the framework of the present paper objectives, first, the value systems of hunting ground motifs in Safavid era are investigated by reliance upon the documents and texts of the period, and then hunting motifs are classified on the basis of value systems.
The present paper attempts to analyze the role of hunting and Gereft-o Gir scenes by using a semiotic-semantic approach in some relevant scenes in Safavid carpets. One of the findings of this study is that in the formation of artistic discourse, such as carpet, the presence of thought and social milieus is undeniable, and it is possible to interpret sign systems in a discursive reading to make semantic aspect of the motifs more widespread and fluid

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